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Why I Spell It Elfs, Not Elves

“You’ve made a spelling mistake.” “I always thought it was spelt ‘elves’.” “Why are you spelling it like that?” I’ve had a few questions along these lines in the lead-up to publishing The Fey Man. It’s no surprise, because they’re all correct: the plural of ‘elf’ these days is indeed ‘elves’. But it didn’t used to be that way, not until J. R. R. Tolkien came along.

You ignore Professor Tolkien at your peril, for he was a very smart man.

Tolkien is responsible for ninety percent of all fantasy tropes, or so it seems, and he addressed the question of the plural in the appendix of The Lord of the Rings, where he admits:

“…dictionaries tell us that the plural of dwarf is dwarfs. It should be dwarrows (or dwerrows), if singular and plural had each gone its own way down the years, as have man and men, or goose and geese.”

He goes on to say that he instead chose dwarves as a way of distancing his creations from “sillier tales”; he didn’t want readers to think of children’s stories of little people.

(As an aside, I would have loved to use dwarrows as a plural for dwarf. It’s a fantastic word but, alas, I think it would have been unnecessarily confusing.)

So why am I using a form Professor Tolkien (who you ignore at your peril, for he was a very smart man) thought was associated with silly tales? To put it simply: I want you to think of fairy tales when you read The Fey Man.

Fairy tales are such fluid things, continually appropriated and modified to suit new purposes.

Many writers of fantasy follow Tolkien when they create their worlds: they draw on old mythology, often Norse but also Chinese and Christian and Hindu and so on. Mythology is a fascinating subject, but the gods and heros are so grand and dramatic they tend to overshadow perhaps the most pervasive mythology: fairy tales.

Fairy tales are interesting creatures. We all know the tale of Little Red Riding Hood, don’t we? Except we may not know that older versions of the story had the wolf bake Grandma into bread and feed it to Little Red. Or that the wolf had the girl throw her clothes on the fire before she climbed into bed. Fairy tales are such fluid things, continually appropriated by each generation and each new culture and modified to suit new purposes. Even now we’re creating darker versions of the tales we know. Fairy tales, in all their guises, are a big influence on the Realm Rift Saga and they resonate with the story on a number of levels.

That’s why the spellings Tolkien popularised didn’t seem to fit my novel. They suggested too much the fantasy worlds that had come before. I wanted something that seemed a little quaint, a little English, a little fairy tale. The elfs are still a race not to be trifled with. The dwarfs still demand respect and admiration. But they help give a little flavour of what I hope feels like a different world.

Cover of The Fey Man by James T KellyYou can step into that different world, where elfs are elfs and dwarfs are dwarfs, by picking up your copy of The Fey Man today!

★★★★★ – “A must read for fans of epic fantasy”

The Fey Man is available now from Amazon, Apple, Kobo, and Smashwords

5 thoughts on “Why I Spell It Elfs, Not Elves”

  1. Hey James

    Ha! Thanks for a good read. I can understand both your and Tolkien’s sentiments. The right word – or right spelling – can often be crucial to how a story is read, interpreted – and felt. The latter being most important “in my book” :)

    I know you don’t like Facebook likes – but I liked your Facebook page, regardless;-p


    1. Hi Oliver,

      I think we’re very much on the same page, aren’t we? How the reader feels trumps almost every other consideration, doesn’t it?

      It’s not that I don’t like Facebook likes, they’re just not as important as engagement :-D I’m always grateful for a like, so thank you!


    1. It seems they’re really trying to separate themselves from their Lord of the Rings/classic fantasy origins, which is quite cool in a way; they had a great lore, but it seems to have a bit more of its own identity now.

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